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Quick Reference: Chicago Manual of Style
Chicago Style Documentation||Model Notes and Bibliographic Entries: Books||Model Notes and Bibliographic Entries: Articles||Model Notes and Bibliographic Entries: Websites

Typically, the Humanities use the Chicago Manual of Style for research papers. The The Chicago Manual of Style provides the formats for notes and citations. Another useful resource for the Chicago Manual of Style is the Writing with Sources : a Guide for Students as an official pocket guide to be used as a quick reference tool.

The Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style online resources:

Diana Hacker's guide to the Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style Online

These titles offer guidelines that supplement The Chicago Manual of Style:

Writing with sources : a guide for students

Student guide to research in the digital age : how to locate and evaluate information sources

Chicago Style Documentation

Chicago style research papers require you to number your intext sources and document them within your paper as either footnotes or endnotes. Each note should be single spaced with a double space between each subsequent note unless otherwise directed.

Text

Trauma can move across time and space implying that "the ghost has an agency of its own...more powerful than either the subject who first experienced the trauma or the inheritor of the secret."13

Footnote or Endnote

13. Grace M. Cho, Haunting the Korean Diaspora: Shame, Secrecy, and the Forgotten War(Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008), 40.

Subsequent Notes

For subsequent notes from the same souce just list the author's last name and the title of the work along with the page number of the source.

18. Cho, Haunting the Korean Diaspora: Shame, Secrecy, and the Forgotten War, 39.

Consecutive Notes

When using consecutive notes from the same source, you can use ibid. (in the same place) and the page number where the note was taken from.

13. Grace M. Cho, Haunting the Korean Diaspora: Shame, Secrecy, and the Forgotten War(Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008), 40.

14. ibid., 43.

15. ibid., 47.

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Model Notes and Bibliographic Entries

All bibliographic entries should be arranged alphabetically and entered single spaced with a double space between each entry.

Books

N= format for footnote or endnote

B= format for Bibliographic reference list

Books with One Author or Editor

N: 1. Kenneth B. Pyle, Japan Rising: The Resurgence of Japanese Power and Purpose (New York: Public Affairs, 2007), 181.

B: Pyle, Kennneth B. Japan Rising: The Resurgence of Japanese Power
           and Purpose
. New York: Public Affairs, 2007.

N: 2. John R. Logan, ed., Urban China in Transition (Oxford : Blackwell Pub. Ltd., 2008), 313.

B: Logan, John R. ed., Urban China in Transition. Oxford :
            Blackwell Pub. Ltd., 2008.

Translated Book

N: 3. Xinran, China Witness : Voices from a Silent Generation trans. by Nicky Harman, Julia Lovell, and Esther Tyldesley (New York : Anchor Books, 2010), 293.

B: Xinran.China Witness : Voices from a Silent Generation translated
            by Nicky Harman, Julia Lovell, and Esther Tyldesley. New York :
            Anchor Books, 2010.

Online Book

N: 4. Nancy Abelmann, Echoes of the Past, Epics of Dissent : A South Korean Social Movement (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996), 213.

B: Abelmann, Nancy. Echoes of the Past, Epics of Dissent : A South
            Korean Social Movement
Berkeley: University of California
            Press, 1996. http://www.netlibrary.com/Details.aspx.

Work with Two or Three Authors

N: 5. Lihui Yang and Deming An with Jessica Anderson Turner, Handbook of Chinese Mythology (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005), 166.

B: Yang, Lihui and Deming An. Handbook of Chinese Mythology. With
           Jessica Anderson Turner. New York: Oxford University Press,
           2005.

Work with Four or More Authors

For works compiled or written by four to ten people; all authors/editors are listed in the bibliography.

N: 6. Wang Wei and others, Looking West into the Eastern Sun (Orono: M.T. Fraze, 2009), 313.

B: Wei, Wang, Phineas Pellwright, Victoria Quentonsburg, Reginald Bliss
            and James Pi. Looking West into the Eastern Sun. Orono:
            M.T. Fraze, 2009.

For bibliographic references with eleven or more authors, list only the first seven authors followed by et al. For Footnotes or Endnotes with eleven or more authors follow the note example in this section.

Multivolume Work and Edition other Than The First

N: 7. Norman Davies, God's Playground: A History of Poland, Volume 2, 1795 to the Present, Revised Edition (New York: Columbia University Press, 2005), 394.

B: Davies, Norman. God's Playground: A History of Poland, Volume 2,
            1795 to the Present, Revised Edition
. New York: Columbia
            University Press, 2005.

Series Titles

N: 8. Michael G. Cornelius, ed. John Donne and the Metaphysical Poets, Bloom's Classic Critical Views, edited by Harold Bloom (New York: Bloom's Literary Criticism, 2008), 157.

B:Cornelius, Michael G., ed. John Donne and the Metaphysical Poets,
            Bloom's Classic Critical Views, edited by Harold Bloom. New York:
            Bloom's Literary Criticism, 2008.


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Articles

Articles From A Print Journal

N: 9. Kristina M. Appelt, and Kimberly Pendell, "Assess and Invest: Faculty Feedback on Library Tutorials," College & Research Libraries 71, no. 3 (2010): 247.

B: Appelt, Kristina M., and Kimberly Pendell. "Assess and Invest: Faculty
            Feedback on Library Tutorials." College & Research Libraries 71,
            no. 3 (2010): 245-253.

Journal Articles From A Database with and without a DOI

N: 10. Ann Anagnost, "From 'Class' to 'Social Strata': Grasping the Social Totality in Reform-Era China." Third World Quarterly 29, no.3 (2008): 500, doi: 10.1080/01436590801931488.

B: Anagnost, Ann. "From 'Class' to 'Social Strata':
            Grasping the Social Totality in Reform-Era China." Third World
            Quarterly
29, no.3 (2008): 497-519,
            doi: 10.1080/01436590801931488.

N: 11. Josephine Nock-Hee Park, "What of the Partition: Dictée's Boundaries and the American Epic," Contemporary Literature 46, no.2 (2005): 223, EBSCO Literarary Reference Center (18146857).

B: Park, Josephine Nock-Hee. "What of the Partition: Dictée's
            Boundaries and the American Epic." Contemporary
            Literature
46, no.2 (2005): 213-242,
            EBSCO Literarary Reference Center (18146857).

Articles From An Online Journal

N: 12. Leerom Medovoi, "The Biopolitical Unconscious: Toward an Eco-Marxist Literary Theory," Mediation: Journal of the Marxist Literary Group 24, no.2 (2009): *par. 13, http://www.mediationsjournal.org/articles/the-biopolitical-unconscious.

*If the online source is not paginated, use par. (paragraph) as a locator for the source material.

B: Medovoi, Leerom. "The Biopolitical Unconscious: Toward an
            Eco-Marxist Literary Theory." Mediation: Journal of the
            Marxist Literary Group
24, no.2 (2009).
            http://www.mediationsjournal.org/articles/the-biopolitical-unconscious.


Magazine Articles

Articles From A Print Magazine

N: 13. Michael Brendan Dougherty, "Tea Party Crashers," Utne, July-August 2010, 51.

B: Dougherty, Michael Brendan. "Tea Party Crashers." Utne,
            July-August 2010, 50-53.

Magazine Articles From A Database

N: 14. Joseph E. Stiglitz, "Moral Bankruptcy," Mother Jones, January-February 2010, 30, EBSCO Academic Search Complete (47217391).

B: Stiglitz, Joseph E. "Moral Bankruptcy." Mother Jones, January-
            February 2010, 28-31. EBSCO Academic Search Complete
            (47217391).

Article From An Online Magazine

N: 15. Stephen Gandel, "A Consumer Financial Protection Agency: What Should It Protect," Time, July 6, 2010, Par. 3, http://www.time.com/time/specials/
packages/article/0,28804,2001444_2001442_2001414,00.html.

B: Gandel, Stephen. "A Consumer Financial Protection Agency: What
            Should It Protect." Time, July 6, 2010.
            http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/
            0,28804,2001444_2001442_2001414,00.html.


Newspaper Articles

Newspaper articles are usually cited in the notes or as parenthetical references in the text and do not need to be included in the bibliography.

Follow the example below if you are using the article as a parenthetical reference. You do not need to include information about the edition or the URL if the article is an online resource in the parenthetical.

According to Pat Galbincea, Cuyahoga County "recouped $3.5 million from the law firm that [received] millions of dollars...[for] appraisal contracts...[from] former Auditor Frank Russo" (The Plain Dealer, May 20, 2011).

Use the examples below to create notes or bibliographic entries for newspaper articles as alternatives to parenthetical references.

Article From A Newspaper

N: 16. Pat Galbincea, "County Recoups $3.5 million in Russo Graft," The Plain Dealer, May 20, 2011.

B: Galbincea, Pat. "County Recoups $3.5 million in Russo Graft." The Plain
            Dealer
, May 20, 2011.

Newspaper Article From A Database

N: 17. Dana Milbank, "On the 50th Go-Round, the 60-40 Thing Gets Old," Washington Post April 13, 2010, Suburban Edition, http://www.lexisnexis.com/us/lnacademic.

B: Milbank, Dana. "On the 50th Go-Round, the 60-40 Thing Gets Old."
            Washington Post April 13, 2010, Suburban Edition.
            http://www.lexisnexis.com/us/lnacademic.

Article From An Online Newspaper

N: 18. Trip Gabriel, "To Stop Cheats, Colleges Learn Their Trickery," New York Times, July 6, 2010, http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/06/education/06cheat.html

B: Gabriel, Trip. "To Stop Cheats, Colleges Learn Their Trickery."
            New York Times, July 6, 2010.
            http://www.nytimes.com/2010/07/06/education/06cheat.html


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Websites

N: 19. Densho, The Japanese American Legacy Project, http://www.densho.org/densho.asp.

B: Densho. The Japanese American Legacy Project.
            http://www.densho.org/densho.asp.

N: 20. Vladimir Tismaneanu, interview, "What are your personal memories of 1989?" Making the History of 1989, Item #610, http://chnm.gmu.edu/1989/items/show/610.

B:Tismaneanu, Vladimir. Interview. "What are your personal
            memories of 1989?" Making the History of 1989.
            Item #610. http://chnm.gmu.edu/1989/items/show/610.

N: 21. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, "Conversations between Joseph V. Stalin and SED leadership," 04/01/1952, Library of Congress, Dmitri Volkogonov Collection, Cold War International History Project: Virtual Archive, http://www.wilsoncenter.org/index.cfm?t

B: Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. "Conversations
            between Joseph V. Stalin and SED leadership." 04/01/1952.
            Library of Congress. Dmitri Volkogonov Collection.Cold War
            International History Project: Virtual Archive
.
            http://www.wilsoncenter.org/index.cfm?.

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Questions or comments, contact:
Michael Billings, Reference Librarian

Lakeland Community College Library
440.525.7424 (Circulation) | 440.525.7425 (Reference)
lakelandlibrary@lakelandcc.edu