Glossary of Library Terms
This Glossary defines terms that the librarians and staff at the Lakeland Library frequently use in reference to features of the library, its services, or its resources. Webopedia.com was used to help create the definitions for a number of the computer related terms. The OhioLINK website and the Random House Unabridged Dictionary (2nd Ed.) were also consulted.
Boolean operators: are used in databases to combine or exclude terms for more exact results. AND combines terms, OR accepts any term and NOT eliminates terms.
Call Number or LCCN: system used to group items together on the shelves by subject area. At Lakeland Library, the Library of Congress Call Number (LCCN) system is used. The LCCN can be found in the catalog record and must be used to locate the item on the shelf in the library. On shelved items, such as books, it usually appears on the spine on a small label. Both letters and numbers are part of the LCCN.
Catalog: an online tool for finding materials (books, newspapers, videos, etc.) that are kept in a database of materials owned by the Lakeland Library. The catalog is searchable a number of different ways, which include Keyword, Subject, Author, and Title.
Circulating Collection: books & other items that can be checked out of the library.
Citation also Bibliographic Record or Bibliographic Citation: contains the publication information and library location of a book or other library item. A search in the Lakeland Library or OhioLINK Central Catalogs retrieves a citation. See also MLA Citation.
Database: a collection of citations, articles, or other information searchable by a number of different fields, which include Keyword, Subject, Author, Title, and more. Lakeland Library uses OhioLINK databases. Academic Search Premier and LexisNexis Academic are databases that cover a broad range of topics and have many full-text articles.
EJC or Electronic Journal Center: a searchable database of more than 5,900 full-text scholarly journals made available through OhioLINK.
Full-text: articles that can be viewed, downloaded, saved, and printed from online databases. The articles come in two formats: PDF and HTML. See also HTML and PDF.
Hit: a result in a search engine or database search.
HTML: (Hyper Text Markup Language) web page design language often used to provide full-text articles in online databases. Unlike PDF, HTML full-text articles have been reformatted for easy viewing on the computer. HTML full-text articles do not appear as they originally appeared in print versions as a result. Page numbers, photos, and graphs are often missing or moved to the end of the article.
Index: a print index is found at the end of a book and lists the contents of the book by names, places, and subjects. It gives page numbers where that information can be found in the book.
Journal: a scholarly publication containing research articles, case studies, criticism, and other forms of research, communication, and writing important to academic or professional communities. The articles are written by authorities for a specialized audience. Journals can be found in Lakeland Library's Periodical Collection and in online databases.
Keywords: words that uniquely describe a subject or concept when searching a database. The accuracy of the search depends on the quality of the keywords used and how they are combined. See Boolean Operators.
Media Collection: videos, dvds, cd-roms, and sound recordings available at the library.
MLA Citation: the Modern Language Association's format for documentation of sources, both in the text and in a list of works cited, that are used in a scholarly paper.
OhioLINK: a consortium of 85 libraries, mainly college and university, throughout the state of Ohio. OhioLINK provides access to a Central Catalog, a database that contains the complete bibliographic records of the 85 libraries' 40 million items. Books can be ordered from other libraries and received at Lakeland Library in 3 to 5 business days. Other OhioLINK services include databases, an electronic journal center, a digital media center, and e-books.
PDF: (Portable Document Format) file format often used to provide full-text articles in online databases. Unlike HTML, PDF documents have not been reformatted for the computer. A full-text article in PDF format is like a photocopy of the article as it originally appeared in a print version. It has the same layout, including photos, charts, graphs, and even advertisements.
Periodical Collection: the newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals kept in the Current Year Periodicals beside Reference, the Older Periodicals area behind the Circulating Collection, the Library Lounge area, and behind the Circulation Desk. Items from the Periodical Collection cannot be checked-out of the library.
Reference Collection: books & other items that cannot be checked out of the library. Reference materials include subject specific dictionaries and encyclopedias, sources of statistics, quick facts, and general information.
Search Engine: a program (such as Google) that searches the web to find documents based on searcher selected keywords.
Spine: the flat back strip on the binding or cover of a book where the title, author, and library call number can often be found.
Stacks: shelves of books.